What is the Impact of IoT on Smart Cities
Connected technologies and big data can create smart solutions - actually "smart everywhere". These solutions can solve problems, increase the quality of life for a city’s residents, and lower the consumption of resources.
Cities face three major challenges in their quest to become smart cities: managing vast amounts of data, adopting IoT across every city function, and securing essential infrastructure against many threats.
Here are five components of the smart city and their impact in the IoT era:
1. Smart Infrastructure: Digital technologies are becoming increasingly important in urban infrastructure, hence buildings must be planned more efficiently and sustainably. Smart cities use intelligent technologies to achieve an energy-efficient and environmentally friendly infrastructure.
2. Traffic Management: The challenge for large smart cities is to optimize traffic Pavement integrated sensors, send real-time traffic flow updates to a central traffic management platform which analyses the data and automatically adjusts traffic lights to the traffic situation within seconds. It uses historical data to predict when traffic from a lane should stop or move – without human involvement.
3. Connected Street lights: Connected street lights and lighting solutions are a very popular way to boost the productivity of a smart city. The key benefits of smart lighting include a reduction of energy and maintenance costs, increased public safety, safer traffic, and a measurable environmental impact. Smart street lights can also double up as EV chargers, emissions monitors, and wireless broadband connection points.
4. Smart Parking: Intelligent parking solutions identify when a vehicle has left the parking area. The sensors on the ground report via smartphone the driver, where they can find a free parking space. Others use vehicle feedback to tell precisely where the openings are and nudge waiting cars towards the path of least resistance.
5. Smart Waste Management: Waste management solutions helps to optimize the efficiency of waste collection and to reduce operational costs and better address the environmental issues associated with inefficient waste collection.
The waste container receives a level sensor; when a certain threshold is reached, the management platform of a truck driver receives a notification on the smartphone.
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